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Disciplinary Procedure

Our HR experts work with you to create processes that follow fair procedures and best practices.

Does your workplace have a compliant disciplinary procedure in place?

We support business owners during disciplinary proceedings to ensure a fair and equitable outcome for all parties.

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What employers should know about disciplinary procedures

Irish employers must establish clear disciplinary policies, ensure fair procedures, and provide written notice before taking disciplinary action.

Employees have the right to a disciplinary meeting, the option to be accompanied, and the opportunity to appeal decisions.

Employers in Ireland should be aware that disciplinary actions should be proportionate to the misconduct, and any sanctions imposed should be consistent across similar cases.

Keeping detailed records of the disciplinary process and maintaining confidentiality is essential.

Moreover, employers should be cautious about potential discrimination and ensure that the process aligns with anti-discrimination laws.

By partnering with a team of HR specialists, your business benefits from effective and compliant disciplinary procedures.

Whether you need advice on creating bespoke disciplinary policies for your business or urgent support with a challenging disciplinary issue,  our HR specialists are ready to help.

Call us on 064 669 8034 or email

How to conduct a disciplinary meeting

Managing disciplinary procedures is vital for effective HR management.

At HR Buddy, we recommend a structured approach at every stage:

Notify participants

  • Clearly communicate the reason for the hearing
  • Advise the employee of their right to representation (e.g., a trade union official), allowing a minimum of 24 hours notice
  • Confirm details in writing, including time, place, and the nature of the complaint

Disciplinary meeting process

  • Introduce attendees and confirm the formal disciplinary nature
  • Offer representation once more if waived by the employee
  • Outline the complaint and allow the employee to respond and present mitigating circumstances
  • Provide the employee with adequate time to respond, bearing in mind that the meeting may become emotional 

End the meeting

  • HR and managers carefully assess facts and explanations before deciding on disciplinary action

Issuing a decision

  • Reconvene to announce decisions, ranging from no further action to dismissal

Written record of decision

  • Provide written confirmation of outcomes, including details of complaints, required improvements, and the appeals procedure
  • Retain records in the employee’s file

General guidelines for disciplinary procedures in Ireland

The Workplace Relations Commission sets out the Code of Practice on Grievance and Disciplinary Procedures.

This outlines general guidelines for the application of grievance and disciplinary procedures, emphasising best practices to ensure fairness and transparency.

While variations exist in disciplinary approaches across different workplaces, the principles of this Code should apply unless alternative agreed procedures are in place.

It is crucial to understand the significance of these procedures in maintaining discipline while upholding the principles of natural justice and fairness.

The essential elements that disciplinary procedures set out are rationality, fairness, clear communication of the basis for formal disciplinary action, well-defined penalties, and an internal appeal mechanism.

Regular reviews and updates to procedures are necessary to align with changing circumstances, legislative developments, and evolving best practices.

Disciplinary processes typically involve multiple stages, progressing from the immediate manager to more senior management, HR/IR staff, employee representation, and, if necessary, referral to a third party.

Why a disciplinary procedure is important

A formal disciplinary procedure is important for all businesses with employees.

It serves as a structured framework for addressing workplace issues and maintaining a fair and transparent working environment.

The goal of the disciplinary procedure is not to punish employees, but rather an impartial standard by which employees are encouraged to meet the required standards of work.

Implementing a well-defined disciplinary procedure is crucial for several reasons.

Firstly, it establishes a clear set of rules and expectations, ensuring that both employees and employers understand the consequences of their actions.

When disciplinary actions are necessary, following fair procedures becomes imperative.

These procedures not only safeguard employees’ rights but also mitigate the risk of potential legal challenges, such as an unfair dismissal claim.

Employers should have written grievance and disciplinary procedures (as set out in the employee handbook) are essential components in providing employees with opportunities for improvement.

As well as this, a carefully executed disciplinary procedure reduces the likelihood of an employee feeling compelled to claim constructive dismissal.

Ultimately, a final written warning, as part of the disciplinary process, serves as a decisive measure, emphasising the seriousness of the situation and contributing to a fair and just resolution.

In the unfortunate event of disputes, having a well-documented disciplinary procedure in place can be pivotal in defending an organisation’s actions before an Employment Appeals Tribunal.

business man writing on paper

What are the steps in a disciplinary process?

The steps involved in a disciplinary process in Ireland typically include the following:

  1. Informal discussion
  2. Verbal warning
  3. First written warning
  4. Final written warning
  5. Suspension or dismissal procedures

The purpose of the informal discussion is to provide feedback, clarify expectations and encourage improvement in a supportive manner.

A first written warning serves as an official notice that the employee’s behaviour or performance needs improvement. This written statement should outline specific concerns and expectations.

A final written warning explains to the employee that further failure to meet expectations may lead to suspension or dismissal. It may include a specified time frame for improvement.

Suspension may be with or without pay, depending on the severity. Dismissal is termination of employment, usually following unsuccessful attempts to address issues through warnings and other interventions.

However, there may be instances where more severe action is warranted at an earlier stage. The consequences of breaches, especially those leading to suspension or dismissal, should be clearly communicated.

Appropriate warnings should have specified removal periods, and employees should be informed accordingly.

Working with a HR specialist who understands your business can be an invaluable source of support during formal procedures.

HR Buddy works with you by providing expert guidance, ensuring adherence to legal obligations and facilitating fair and transparent communication throughout the process.

Our goal is ultimately to help you mitigate risks and maintain a positive employer-employee relationship.

How to create a disciplinary procedure (template)

To effectively manage employee conduct and maintain a positive workplace culture, it is essential to establish a clear and comprehensive disciplinary procedure.

This procedure should be documented and readily accessible to all employees.

Below is a template for a disciplinary procedure.

Please note that you should always consult with a HR or employment legislation professional before creating employment documentation.

  • Introduction to the policy
  • Principles underpinning the disciplinary procedure
  • List of actions that may result in disciplinary action (non-exhaustive)
  • List of sanctions for the actions, in order of severity (from verbal warning, written warning, etc., to ultimate dismissal)
  • Detailed outline of what the employee can expect as part of each disciplinary sanction
  • Outline of serious misconduct and gross misconduct offences
  • Employee’s right to representation
  • The role of human resources in disciplinary procedures
  • Details of how investigation(s) are carried out
  • Details of how the disciplinary hearing is carried out
  • Information about how employees can appeal a decision
  • Details of any further appeal opportunities
  • Details of notice of termination

How can HR specialists help with disciplinary procedures?

Navigating the complexities of disciplinary procedures can be challenging, particularly for businesses with limited HR expertise.

To ensure that disciplinary processes are fair, compliant, and effective, it is advisable to seek guidance from an experienced HR professional or consultant.

An experienced HR professional can assist with:

  • Developing and implementing effective disciplinary procedures
  • Conducting investigations and preparing disciplinary meetings
  • Communicating disciplinary decisions and appeals
  • Managing challenging disciplinary situations

Protecting your organisation from potential legal challenges and maintaining a positive and productive workplace culture requires a robust disciplinary procedure.

By adhering to the legal framework, establishing clear procedures, and seeking expert guidance when needed, businesses can effectively address employee misconduct while fostering a fair and equitable employment environment.

Contact our team today

Disciplinary procedures are an essential aspect of maintaining a balanced and productive work environment.

Strengthen your business’s long term performance by partnering with us for comprehensive HR services.

Explore how our tailored solutions can enhance your disciplinary procedures.

Call our friendly team today on 064 669 8034 or use the contact form to book a call back with one of our HR specialists.

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